City of Edmonton Information
About Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Mayor: Don Iveson
Governing: Edmonton City Council
Phone Codes: (780) (587)
Edmonton is the capital of the province of Alberta, making it the seat of the provincial Crown. It is on the North Saskatchewan River in the central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farmland on the prairies. It plays host to a year round slate of world-class festivals, earning it the title of "The Festival City". It is the second largest city in Alberta after Calgary, with a population of 899,447 (2016), and is Canada's fifth largest census metropolitan area. Edmonton is also home to North America's largerst mall, West Edmonton Mall (The world's largest from 1981 - 2004), as well as Canada's largest living history muesum, Fort Edmonton Park.
A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian.
Edmonton is located on the North Saskatchewan River, and sits at an elevation of 671 metres (2,201 ft). Edmonton is the most northerly city in North America with a metropolitan population of over one million. It is at the same latitude as Hamburg (Germany), Dublin (Ireland), Manchester (United Kingdom), and Magnitogorsk (Russia). North as it is, it is south of the geographic centre of Alberta, which is located near the Hamlet of Fort Assiniboine. The terrain in and around Edmonton is generally flat to gently rolling, with ravines and deep river valleys, such as the North Saskatchewan River valley. The Canadian Rockies are located about 220 km (140 mi) to the southwest, but despite the proximity the city is too distant for any of its peaks to be seen.
The North Saskatchewan River originates at the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park and bisects the city. Before the construction of two reservoirs near the mountains, it would sometimes flood Edmonton's river valley, most notably in the North Saskatchewan River flood of 1915. It empties via the Saskatchewan River, Lake Winnipeg, and the Nelson River into Hudson Bay. It runs from the southwest to the northeast and is fed by numerous creeks throughout the city, such as Mill Creek, Whitemud Creek and Blackmud Creek; this creates numerous ravines, some of which are used for urban parkland. Edmonton is within the Canadian Prairies Ecozone. Aspen parkland, surrounds the city and, acts a transitional area from the prairie to the south and boreal forest in the north. However, the aspen woods and forests in and around Edmonton have long since been reduced by farming and other human activities, such as oil and natural gas exploration.
Edmonton has a humid northern continental climate with extreme seasonal temperatures, although the city has milder winters than either Regina or Winnipeg, which are both located at a more southerly latitude, it still has mild summers and chilly winters, with the average daily temperatures ranging from -10.94° in January to 17.7°C in July.
Annually, temperatures exceed 30°C on an average of four to fives daysanytime from late April to mid September and fall below −20°C on an average of twenty-eight days.
Typically, summer lasts from late June until early September and the humidity is rarely uncomfortably high. Winter lasts from November through March and varies greatly in length and severity. Spring and autumn are both short and highly variable.
Edmonton's Population has grown from 148 people in 1878 to 899,477 in 2016.
The City of Edmonton has several official symbols that have been carefully designed to represent our unique heritage and character. These symbols are an important part of our culture and
should always be used in an appropriate and intended manner.
Coat of Arms
The Mayor’s Chain of Office
Official Flower: The Marigold
Edmonton is the major economic centre for northern and central Alberta and a major centre for the oil and gas industry.
Edmonton traditionally has been a hub for Albertan petrochemical industries, earning it the nickname "Oil Capital of Canada" in the 1940s. Supply and service industries drive the energy extraction engine while research develops new technologies and supports expanded value-added processing of Alberta's massive oil, gas and oil sands reserves. These are reported to be the second largest in the world after Saudi Arabia.
Despite the apparent focus on oil and gas, Edmonton's economy is now the second most diverse in Canada.
Much of the growth in technology sectors is due to Edmonton's reputation as one of Canada’s premiere research and education centres. Research initiatives are anchored by educational institutions such as the University of Alberta as well as government initiatives underway at the Alberta Research Council and Edmonton Research Park. Recently the National Institute for Nanotechnology was constructed on the University of Alberta campus.
The geographical location of Edmonton has made it an ideal spot for distribution and logistics. CN Rail's North American operational facility is located in the city as well as a major intermodal facility that handles all incoming freight from the port of Prince Rupert in British Columbia.
Edmonton is known for its exceptional environmental stewardship, strong life-science sector, and burgeoning high-tech industry economy.
Professional and Amateur Franchises
In addition to the minor-league teams, Edmonton also has very successful University-level sports teams including the U of A Golden Bears, U of A Pandas, NAIT Ooks, and Grant MacEwan Griffins.
Arenas & Locations
Cross Country Skiing
Gymnasiums & Courts
Outdoor Ice RinksOutdoor Pools
Parks & River Valley
Playgrounds & Splash Parks
Recreation Centres & Pools
In 1981, West Edmonton Mall, which was at the time the world's largest mall, opened. Still the biggest in North America, the mall is one of Alberta's most-visited tourist attractions, and contains an indoor amusement park, a large indoor waterpark, a skating rink, a New Orleans-themed bar district and a luxury hotel in addition to over eight hundred shops and services.
For a list of all shopping malls in Edmonton and their locations, click here.